Teratogenic drugs causing specific syndromes

hello friends today we are going to talk about Teratogenic drugs causing specific syndromes during pregnancy Alcohol: fetal alcohol syndrome—IUGR, midfacial hypoplasia, developmental delay, short palpebral fissures, long philtrum, multiple joint…

Intrauterine growth restriction(IUGR)

Intrauterine growth restriction(IUGR) The common definition of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) (also known as fetal growth restriction) is a fetus with estimated fetal weight (EFW) <5−10 th percentile for gestational…

Fetal Macrosomia

Fetal Macrosomia Macrosomia is a fetus with estimated fetal weight (EFW) >90−95 th percentile for gestational age. Birth weight ≥4,000−4,500 grams. Sonogram estimated fetal weight(EFW) Accuracy in estimating birth weight…

Cervical Insufficiency

Hi friends today we are going to talk about cervical infufficiency briefly. Cervical insufficiency (or cervical incompetency) : Its defined inability of the uterine cervix to retain a pregnancy to…

Physiological changes during pregnancy

Hello friends!!! today we are going to talk about what happen physiologically during pregnancy 1-Skin: Striae gravidarum: “stretch marks” that develop in genetically predisposed women on the abdomen and buttocks…